Project Management

Project Process Groups

There are five Process Groups defined by PMI. They have clear dependencies and are performed in the same sequence on each project. They are independent of application areas or industry focus. Individual Process Groups and individual constituent processes are often iterated prior to completing the project. Constituent processes also can have interactions both within a Process Group and among Process Groups.

 

Note: During project phases, if a change occurs during the project execution or control, the documents and tools used in the Process groups may have to be revisited. For example, if a change is made to the scope during the project execution phase, the scope document and all of the project plans must be revisited to include the new scope.

 

An individual process may define and constrain how inputs are used to produce outputs for that Process Group. They are defined in a way that projects of all kinds can be managed with this standard, so some inputs or outputs may not be relevant to every project.

 

A Process Group includes the constituent project management processes that are linked by the respective inputs and outputs, that is, the result or outcome of one process becomes the input to another. The Monitoring and Controlling Process Group, for example, not only monitors and controls the work being done during a Process Group, but also monitors and controls the entire project effort. The Monitoring and Controlling Process Group must also provide feedback to implement corrective or preventive actions to bring the project into compliance with the project management plan or to appropriately modify the project management plan. Many additional interactions among the Process Groups are likely.

 

Where large or complex projects may be separated into distinct phases or sub-projects such as feasibility study, concept development, design, prototype, build, test, etc. all of the Process Group processes would normally be repeated for each phase or subproject.

The five Process Groups are:

 

·         Initiating Process Group. Defines and authorizes the project or a project.

·         Planning Process Group. Defines and refines objectives, and plans the course of action required to attain the objectives and scope that the project was undertaken to address.

·         Executing Process Group. Integrates people and other resources to carry out the project management plan for the project.

·         Monitoring and Controlling Process Group. Regularly measures and monitors progress to identify variances from the project management plan so that corrective action can be taken when necessary to meet project objectives.

·         Closing Process Group. Formalizes acceptance of the product, service or result and brings the project or a project phase to an orderly end.

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November 15, 2008 - Posted by | PMBOK, PMP, Project Management |

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