Project Management

Risk Response Development

Risk Response Development

Responses to threats fall into the following categories:

·         Avoidance

Eliminating a specific threat, usually by eliminating the cause. The project management team can never eliminate all risk, but specific risk events can often be eliminated.

·         Mitigation

Reducing the expected monetary value of a risk by reducing the probability of occurrence, reducing the risk event value.

·         Acceptance

Accepting the consequences. Acceptance can be active (e.g. by developing a contingency plan to execute should the risk event occur) or passive (e.g., by accepting lower profit if some activities overrun).

1.      Inputs

a.      Opportunities to pursue, threats to respond to

List opportunities that should be pursued and threats that require attention.

b.      Opportunities to ignore, threats to accept

The duration of most activities will be significantly influenced by the resources assigned to them.

2.      Tools and Techniques

a.      Procurement

Acquiring outside sources for services and equipment is an appropriate tool.

b.      Contingency Planning

Making plans to take action if a risk arises.

c.       Alternative Strategies

Avoid risk by changing the planned approach.

d.      Insurance

3.      Outputs

a.      Risk Management Plan

This documents the procedures to be used to manage risk throughout the project. It should cover who is responsible for managing various areas of risk, how the initial identification and quantification outputs will be maintained, how contingency plans will be implemented and how reserves will be allocated.

b.      Inputs to other processes

Contingencies and plans must be feed back to other processes.

c.       Contingency plans

d.      Reserves

Examples are management reserve, schedule reserve, and contingency reserve.

e.      Contractual agreements

May be entered into for insurance, services, and other items as appropriate in order to avoid or mitigate threats. Contractual terms and conditions will have a significant effect on the degree of risk deduction.

Risk Response Control

1.      Inputs

a.      Risk management plan

b.      Actual risk events

When an event occurs, project management must recognize it so that the response plan can be implemented.

c.       Additional Risk identification

As performance is reported additional risks may surface and should be identified.

2.      Tools and Techniques

a.      Workarounds

These are unplanned responses to negative risk events.

b.      Additional risk response development

If event was not anticipated or effect greater than expected, then it may be necessary to repeat the response development and quantification process.

3.      Outputs

a.      Corrective Action

This is primarily the act of performing the planned risk response.

b.      Updates to the risk management plan


September 17, 2008 - Posted by | Risk Management | ,


  1. “Contractual terms and conditions will have a significant effect on the degree of risk deduction.”
    How much is real?

    Comment by ivdanga | December 15, 2010 | Reply

    • That would vary from project to project.


      Comment by Donna Ritter | June 18, 2011 | Reply

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